Difficulties to understand prepositions
I have been studying English these days. There are difficult points like tense and articles compared to Japanese, and above all, the most difficult is prepositions.
If you want upload photos on Facebook, do you say 'post to Facebook'? or 'post on Facebook'?
The next Sunday is 'on next Sunday'? or 'in next Sunday'?
There are many occasions I am in trouble, but they are often used.
When you are in trouble, and search the prepositions on internet, you can always find the following graph.
This graph is pasted everywhere on internet, and I do not know where it came from. I have printed it out this one.
In the book I read the other day said 'to understand the prepositions with images'. The graph shows the 'image'.
By the way,
This is a hamburg.
However, it is not the normal hamburg. Let's cut it.
This is ... cheese in hamburg!
Cheese is 'in'
Yes it is. It is 'in".
This dish with a hamburg with cheese inside is suitable to remember the preposition 'in'. (Note: In Japan, there is a dish of cheese in hamburg called 'Cheese in Hamburg" in Japanese-English.)
Therefore, I assume that if we make hamburgs with all the prepositions, we would be able to master the concept that we are not always sure.
Grill a lot of hamburgs
So this is the plan to make a lot of hamburgs this time.
I write down the hamburgs which is necessary to explain the prepositions.
A lot of cheese and minced meat
I did not know how much I needed and bought appropriate amounts, but it has become too much
And grill them
When I grill all and finish writing this article, I hope I will be able to write an English email without taking over 2 hours.
In the meantime, do not forget to add some toppings
With those ingredients, let's make cheese & hamburg with prepositions.
in & on
Let's start with the basics. The preposition 'in' is as it describes Cheese in Hamburg. It seems cheese inside.
I made it for the first time, but it went well.
On the other hand with 'on', it is placed on it.
The moment of it is placed on.
This is Cheese on Hamburg!
I see, the type of cheese on hamburg is what I often see in the restaurant. As I can see the cheese well, this looks more gorgeous visually than the cheese is in.
As you see like this, the difference between in and on is clear, but if you write English sentences, it is difficult if you describe the time.
For example, 'on Sunday' is with 'on', and 'in February' is with 'in'. I wonder what the difference between Sunday and February. In the book I read the other day, 'February is long and we can go inside, so we use in, and Sunday is short and we cannot go onside, so we can only go on'.
It is not completely understandable, but when you want to describe the position relationship, they are based on the ideas of 'go in' and 'go on'. This is how they say 'remember prepositions with images'.
* By the way, the prepositions in this articles are not explained by thinking people but by myself who are studying is, and writing it while searching.
Many kinds of 'on'
Also, another similar prepositions.
Cheese over Hamburg
over also means something on it, but it is not directly on it, but it is like floating in the air.
In fact, there is one more similar preposition.
Cheese above Hamburg
While on and over have an image of something lining up right above, above is simply 'over something' but it does not need to be lining up. For example, 'A is living in a house above our house'.
Here I tried to express the meanings by placing egg plants between cheese and hamburg to show that they are not directly lining up each other.
Below, front and back
There is a preposition expressing 'up', and of course, 'down'.
Cheese under Hamburg
Cheese below Hamburg
under, and below each means the opposite of on/over, and above respectively. I tried to express them with the same parts upside down.
Also, there are other prepositions expressing directions except up and down. They are front and back.
Cheese in front of Hamburg
Cheese behind Hamburg
'In front of' shows something in the front, and 'behind' shows something far behind. Especially, behind means something hidden behind, so I made it visible to see a little part of the cheese by changing an angle.
Until under and behind, they have explained a la carte dishes in the combination of cheese and hamburg, but it is now becoming that it is only placed side by side. This trend becomes quicker and quicker, so you need to be determined.
There are prepositions to express directions.
Cheese at Hamburg
Suddenly, a strange object appeared.
At indicates a single point, and it stays at the point. You may think why the hamburg is suddenly on the air, but it was because it was like this in the original image.
When you look on the internet how to use them, there are differences between 'in Tokyo' and 'at Tokyo station'. This graph shows surely the building. I also lifted up the hamburg and made it like a monument.
Cheese beside Hamburg
Cheese near Hamburg
Beside shows that it is next to there, near shows that it stays close to it. Near distance the two, and increases as it is only 'lined up', but if you think of side dishes as a part of dishes, I believe that Cheese near Hamburg is already a la carte dish.
Prepositions to display the situation
Cheese against Hamburg
Against has several meanings, but it is originally like this picture like 'leaning on' it so I pretended to be like that.
Next shows 2 prepositions at the same time. 'Between' and 'among'.
It means very similar and confusing if you translate them directly into Japanese, but it is clear if we use hamburgs to show them. Along is to move by the side of it, and across is to move by crossing it. Both are the prepositions of movements. By using long hamburgs, and I tried to pull the cheese by tightening with a string. In the original picture, it is only a ball with remained images, it is easy to understand if the cheese actually moves!
Cheese between Hamburg
Cheese among Hamburg
Between shows that it is 'between 2 hamburgs', and always between 2 things.
Among means that is is 'among many hamburgs', and it is like in a group of hamburgs.
In other words, it is whether there are many or 2. If you try to understand theoretically, you may forget, it actually has the difference of minced meats of 150g. In the case of calories, it has the difference of 350kcal. Please remember how much the difference is with the amount of meats.
There is another preposition to express the situation.
In order to express this, I stopped the fire and rounded sliced cheese around the hamburg,
This is clearly Cheese around Hamburg. I had an image of cheese around the hamburg like a bacon around asparagus but it actually get melted.
It became like Metal Babble.
Cheese got melted under the hamburg, and it is not like around but like under.
However, I would like to continue it as around.
Because if you turn the hamburg over, the cheese is not soaked in under!
Cheese is not soaked in under the hamburg and it is firmly congealed around it. It is no doubt around.
I tried to eat it and the cheese was crunch and delicious.
Before I started, I just need to try everything by lining up cheese and hamburgs, but the world of English is not simple enough. They can move!
Cheese along Hamburg
Cheese across Hamburg
Along is to move by the side of it, and across is to move by crossing it. Both are the prepositions of movements. By using long hamburgs, and I tried to pull the cheese by tightening with a string. In the original picture, it is only a ball with remained images, it is easy to understand if the cheese actually moves!
However, if you think that it is a dish (as explained many times that cheese & hamburg here is a la cart menu), cheese pulled by a string does not drive you appetite. I tried to improve how to move it next.
Cheese from Hamburg, Cheese to Hamburg
Cheese towards Hamburg
If we look at it by frame-by-frame playback, it looks a bit better.
The original picture shows from and to in one picture, so I followed it. It shows the starting and end points of the movements.
Towards also express the direction of movement, but the difference from to is that towards express that it is only moving towards the direction, and it does not consider whether it can reach the destination. So the animation finishes before the cheese reaches the hamburg.
Cheese past Hamburg
Past means passing something. This can also be used in the time like 'past noon'.
There is another preposition with a similar meaning.
Cheese through Hamburg
Through also means to pass something, but past means to pass outside the subject. Through means to pass inside the subject.
We have looked at the difference between in and on at the beginning, and this is the advanced way.
Cheese onto Hamburg
Cheese off Hamburg
Cheese into Hamburg
Cheese out of Hamburg
Onto is riding on, off means to remove what was on.
Into is to go inside, and out of is to remove something from inside.
They are similar and confusing to understand, but if we use sliced cheese and stick cheese to distinguish the two, they can also show the difference of the prepositions.
What do you think it is by the way?
It looks like only a big hamburg, but look closer.
It is a slide
I made the cross-section to be a right-angled triangle, but while grilling the hamburg, it became like a round shape like this.
Please take that it is a slide.
Cheese up Hamburg
Cheese down Hamburg
The world beyond
So we had some moving cheese, but here we have some motionless cheese again. Both opposite and across also means 'beyond'. It is also complicated but you can understand it with hamburg clearly.
Cheese opposite Hamburg
Cheese across Hamburg
Opposite means that the cheese is on the other side of the hamburg with something in between.
Across means that cheese is on the other side of the hamburg if you see from the subject.
It seems to be more complicated by explaining everything with hamburgs. In other words, whether you focus on the other side, or you focus on what is in between.
we have seen many prepositions, but we have the last one remaining, which is 'over'. We have seen that is is 'up something' above, but the original picture showed 'over' meaning across something.
So this is the last one and I tried to make it dynamic.
Cheese over Hamburg
My son went to kindergarten while leaving all the train toys in the room, so I have borrowed this one by chance. Over means not 'on shinkansen' but 'across' it.
Therefore, cheese went over the hamburg dramatically, this article is also over.
The list which can make you improve 50 points on TOEIC.
Read < Write < Cook
If you study, I heard it is better not only to read books but also to write by yourself. If it is the idea of moving your fingers, it should be better if you not only write but also cook to fix in your brain. In fact, I have remembered all the images of prepositions written here. If you cannot remember the prepositions by reading this, it is recommended to grill hamburgs by yourself.